Glossary Of Botanical Names (Species epithet) of Plants
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The botanical names consist of two parts, "Genus" first name with a capitalized first letter, and a "species" epithet second name (lower case), both usually italicized.


Genus name (e.g. Salvia) + Species epithet (e.g. viridis)

= Species name (Salvia viridis)


The species epithet, an adjective, often refers to a place, the plant's characteristics/appearance, or the name of the person credited with discovering it. Species are botanically classified by analysis of the flower parts and characteristics for flowering plants, and by the seed/cone for coniferous and other non-flowering plants. This is why plants with distinctively different foliage or other characteristics can be classified as the same species. Species is abbreviated sp. or spp.

The genus name is a noun and the specific epithet a qualifying adjective. Botanical nomenclature is sourced mainly from classical Latin and Greek, where words have different endings for different genders – masculine, feminine and neuter. The specific epithet normally takes the gender of the genus name.

Note:
All endings are appropriate depending upon the gender of the genus name, i.e., abbreviatus, abbreviata, abbreviatum
The most common endings for specific epithets that are adjectives are:
-us,-er (masculine), -a, -ra(feminine), -um, -e(neuter)

Certain epithets are the same in all genders for example:
simples, praecox, tenax, repens, bicolor, etc.

When a specific epithet denotes a person, the ending is usually –ii for a man (eg: Epimendium davidii ) and –ae for woman (eg:Rosa banksiae)



abbreviatus, a, um , = shortened
acaulis, e , = without a stem (acaulis, acaule)
acer, acris , = acrid
aculeatus, a, um , = prickly, thorny
acuminatus, a, um , = tapering to a long point
acutifolius, a, um , = with sharp leaves
adscendens , = ascending
aduncus, a, um , = hooked
aestivalis, e , = summer-flowering
affinis, e , = related
aggregatus, a, um , = clustered
alatus, a, um , = winged
albescens , = becoming white
albicaulis, e , = with white stems
albidus, a, um , = white
albiflorus, a, um , = with white flowers
albococcineus, a, um , = white and scarlet
albus, a, um , = white
alpestris, e , = alpine
alpinus, a, um , = alpine
altissimus, a, um , = tallest
amabilis, e , = beautiful
amaranticolor , = purple
amarus, a, um , = bitter-tasting
ambiguus, a, um , = doubtful
amblyodon , = blunt-toothed
amethystinus, a, um , = violet-coloured
amoenus, a, um , = attractive
amplexicaulis, e , = clasping the stem
angularis, e , = angular
angulatus, a, um , = angular
angustifolius, a, um , = with narrow leaves
annuus, a, um , = annual
anomalus, a, um , = unusual
appendiculatus, a, um , = with an appendage
arachnoides , = cobwebby
arborescens , = tree-like
arboreus, a, um , = tree-like
arenarius, a, um , = in sandy places
arenosus, a, um , = from sandy places
argenteus, a, um , = silvery
argophyllus, a, um , = with silvery leaves
aristosus, a, um , = bearded
articulatus, a, um , = jointed
arvensis, e , = found on cultivated land
asper, era, erum , = rough
asteriasis , = star-like
atomarius, a, um , = finely dotted
atratus, a, um , = clothed in black
atrocaeruleus, a, um , = dark blue
atrococcineus, a, um , = dark scarlet
atropurpureus, a, um , = dark purple
atrosanguineus, a, um , = dark red
atroviolaceus, a, um , = dark violet
attenuatus, a, um , = drawn to a point
aurantiacus, a, um , = orange-red
aureopurpureus, a, um , = golden-purple
aureus, a, um , = golden
auriculatus, a, um , = eared
auritus, a, um , = with long ears
autumnalis, e , = flowering in autumn
axillaris, e , = borne in the axils
azureus, a, um , = sky-blue
baccatus, a, um , = with a berry-like fruit
barbatus, a, um , = bearded
barbigerus, a, um , = furnished with beards
benedictus, a, um , = blessed
bicolor , = of two colours
biennis , = biennial
biflorus, a, um , = with two flowers
bifrons , = with two faces
bipartitus, a, um , = twice-parted
bipinnatifidus, a, um , = cut twice in a pinnate manner
bipinnatus, a, um , = twice-pinnate
bistorta , = an old generic name meaning twice-twisted
bonus, a, um , = good
borealis, e , = from the North
brachiatus, a, um , = branched at right angles
brachypetalus, a, um , = with short petals
bracteatus, a, um , = bearing bracts
brevipes , = with a short foot, e.g. a short pedicel
breviscapus, a, um , = with a short stem
bulbosus, a, um , = bulbous
bullatus, a, um , = swollen, puckered or blistered
caeruleus, a, um , = sky-blue
caespitosus, a, um , = tufted
calendulaceus, a, um , = resembling Calendula in colour, flame-coloured
calycanthemus, a, um , = with petaloid sepals
calycinus, a, um , = having a persistent calyx
calyptocarpus, a, um , = with hooded fruit
campanulatus, a, um , = bell-shaped
campestris, e , = found in plains or similar level places
campylocalyx , = with a curved calyx
candicans , = whitish, referring to appearance of plants
candidissimus, a, um , = very white
candidus, a, um , = white
canescens , = becoming white; applied to plants covered with greyish-white pubescence
cannabinus, a, um , = hemp-like
canus, a, um , = hoary-white
capillaris, e , = hair-like
capitatus, a, um , = having a head
cardinalis, e , = cardinal
cardiopetalus, a, um , = with heart-shaped petals
carinatus, a, um , = keeled
carminatus, a, um , = carmine
carmineus, a, um , = carmine
carneus, a, um , = flesh-colorured
caudatus, a, um , = with a tail
caudigerus, a, um , = bearing a tail
caulescens , = with a stem
ceratocaulis, e , = with a horny stem
chloranthus, a, um , = with green flowers
chorostachyus, a, um , = with yellowish spikes
chromanthus, a, um , = with coloured flowers
chrysanthus, a, um , = with golden flowers
chrysops , = with a golden eye
chrysotomus, a, um , = with a golden throat or mouth
ciconius, a, um , = stork-like
ciliatus, a, um , = fringed with hairs
cinereus, a, um , = ash-coloured
cinnabarinus, a, um , = cinnabar-red
cirrhosus, a, um , = furnished with tendrils
citrinus, a, um , = citron-yellow
coccineus, a, um , = scarlet
coelestinus, a, um , = sky-blue
coeruleus, a, um , = sky-blue
collinus, a, um , = found growing on hills
colorans , = coloured
colosseus, a, um , = gigantic
colubrinus, a, um , = snake-like
columnaris, e , = columnar
columniferus, a, um , = bearing a column
communis, e , = common
comosus, a, um , = furnished with tufts of leaves or hairs
compactus, a, um , = compact
compressus, a, um , = compressed
concinnus, a, um , = attractively neat
confertus, a, um , = crowded
congestus, a, um , = congested
conicus, a, um , = cone-shaped
conoideus, a, um , = resembling a cone
consanguineus, a, um , = closely related
consolidus, a, um , = solid or firm
contortus, a, um , = twisted
coracinus, a, um , = raven-black
cordatus, a, um , = heart-shaped
cordifolius, a, um , = with heart-shaped leaves
corniculatus, a, um , = having a horned capsule
cornigerus, a, um , = bearing horns
cornucopiae , = like the Horn of Plenty
cornutus, a, um , = horned
coronarius, a, um , = used for making garlands
coronatus, a, um , = crowned
corymbiflorus, a, um , = with the flowers borne in a corymb
corymbosus, a, um , = corymbose
crenatiflorus, a, um , = with notched flowers
crinitus, a, um , = covered with hairs
crispus, a, um , = with curled or wavy margins
cristatus, a, um , = crested
croceus, a, um , = saffron-yellow
cruciatus, a, um , = cross-like
cruentus, a, um , = bloody
crystallinus, a, um , = crystalline
cubicus, a, um , = cubical
cuneatus, a, um , = wedge-shaped
cupreus, a, um , = copper-coloured
cuspidatus, a, um , = ending in a sharp, stiff point
cyananthus, a, um , = with clear blue flowers
cyaneus, a, um , = dark blue
cylindraceus, a, um , = cylindrical
cylindricus, a, um , = cylindrical
debilis, e , = weak
decumbens , = with prostrate stems, the tips ascending
decurrens , = running down, e.g. a leaf prolonged beyond the point of insertion and running down the stem
deflexus, a, um , = bent sharply in a downward direction
delicatus, a, um , = delicate
demissus, a, um , = hanging down; low or weak
densiflorus, a, um , = with dense flowers
dentatus, a, um , = toothed
dentosus, a, um , = toothed
depressus, a, um , = depressed
desertorum , = found in the deserts
detonsus, a, um , = shorn off
diacanthus, a, um , = with two spines
dichotomus, a, um , = divided or forked in pairs
diffusus, a, um , = loosely spreading
discigerus, a, um , = bearing a disk
discoidalis, e , = orbicular
discoideus, a, um , = discoid
discolor , = of different colours
dissectus, a, um , = deeply cut
dissitiflorus, a, um , = remotely flowered
divaricatus, a, um , = widely spreading
divergens , = divergent
diversifolium, a, um , = with variable leaves
dodecandrus, a, um , = with twelve stamens
dubius, a, um , = doubtful
duplex , = double
eburneus, a, um , = ivory-white
echinatus, a, um , = prickly
elatior, ius , = taller
elatus, a, um , = tall
elegans , = elegant
elegantissumus, a, um , = most elegant
elegantulus, a, um , = somewhat elegant
elongatus, a, um , = elongated
eminens , = prominent, lofty
erectus, a, um , = erect
eriocarpus, a, um , = with woolly fruit
eriophorus, a, um , = wool-bearing
eriostachyus, a, um , = with woolly spikes
erubescens , = blushing
erythrocarpus, a, um , = with red fruit
esculentus, a, um , = edible
exaltatus, a, um , = very tall
excelsior, ius , = noble
excelsus, a, um , = tall
eximius, a, um , = strikingly unusual
explodens , = exploding
falcatus, a, um , = shaped like a sickle
falciformis, e , = in the form of a sickle
farinosus, a, um , = mealy
fastuosus, a, um , = proud
ferox , = very thorny
ferrugineus, a, um , = rust-coloured
filicaulis, e , = with thread-like stems
filicifolius, a, um , = with fern-like leaves
filifolius, a, um , = with thread-like leaves
filipes , = with thread-like stalks
fimbriatus, a, um , = fringed
fistulosus, a, um , = tubular
flaccidus, a, um , = weak
flammeus, a, um , = flame-coloured
flavulus, a, um , = yellow
flavus, a, um , = yellow
flexuosus, a, um , = tortuous, winding
floccosus, a, um , = woolly
flore-pleno , = with double flowers
floribundus, a, um , = free-flowering
floriferus, a, um , = flower-bearing
florulentus, a, um , = flowery
foeniculaceus, a, um , = resembling fennel
foetidissimus, a, um , = very foetid
formosus, a, um , = beautiful
fragilis, e , = brittle
fragrans , = sweet-scented
frondosus, a, um , = leafy
frutescens , = shrubby
fruticohybrida , = hybrid between shrubby species
fruticulosus, a, um , = small and shrubby
fugax , = fleeting
fullonum , = of the fullers
fulvus, a, um , = reddish-yellow
fungosus, a, um , = spongy
gallicus, a, um , = from France
germanicus, a, um , = from Germany
giganteus, a, um , = huge
giganthes , = gigantic
glaber, bra, brum , = smooth
glabratus, a, um , = somewhat smooth
glanduligerus, a, um , = gland-bearing
glandulosus, a, um , = glandular
glaucescens , = becoming glaucous
glaucus, a, um , = covered with a greyish bloom; blue-grey
globosus, a, um , = spherical
glochidiatus, a, um , = pubescent, with barbed bristles
glomeratus, a, um , = clustered in a round mass
glutinosus, a, um , = sticky
gossypinus, a, um , = covered with cottony hairs
gracilis, e , = graceful
gramineus, a, um , = grass-like
grandiflorus, a, um , = with large flowers
grandis, e , = large
gruinus, a, um , = shaped like the bill of a crane
guttatus, a, um , = spotted
gyrans , = revolving
hastatus, a, um , = spear-shaped
hederaceus, a, um , = ivy-like
helianthus, a, um , = sun-flower
herbaceus, a, um , = herbaceous, not woody
herbeohybrida , = hybrid between herbaceous species
heterophyllus, a, um , = with leaves of different kinds
heterotrichus, a, um , = covered with variously shaped hairs
hirsutissimus, a, um , = very hairy
hirsutus, a, um , = hairy
hirtus, a, um , = hairy
hispidulus, a, um , = somewhat bristly
hispidus, a, um , = bristly
holopetalus, a, um , = with entire petals
horridulus, a, um , = somewhat prickly
hortensis, e , = of the garden
humilis, e , = low-growing
hybridus, a, um , = hybrid
hyperboreus, a, um , = from the far North
hypochondriacus, a, um , = melancholy
igneus, a, um , = fiery
imperialis, e , = imperial
icanus, a, um , = white-hoary
incisifolius, a, um , = with cut leaves
incurvus, a, um , = incurved
indivisus, a, um , = not divided
inermis, e , = unarmed, without spines
inflatus, a, um , = swollen
inodorus, a, um , = scentless
insanus, a, um , = insane
insignis, e , = distinguished
integerrinus, a, um , = completely entire
integrifolius, a, um , = with entire leaves
intermedius, a, um , = intermediate
interruptus, a, um , = interrupted
intertextus, a, um , = interwoven
involucratus, a, um , = with an involucre
irriguus, a, um , = watered
junceus, a, um , = rush-like
kermesinus, a, um , = carmine
laciniatus, a, um , = divided into narrow lobes as though torn
laciniosus, a, um , = laciniate
lacteus, a, um , = milk-coloured
lactiflorus, a, um , = with milk-coloured flowers
lacunosus, a, um , = holed or pitted
laetus, a, um , = vivid
laevicaulis, e , = with smooth stems
laevigatus, a um , = smooth
laevis, e , = smooth
lanatus, a, um , = woolly
lanceolatus, a, um , = lance-shaped
lancifolius, a, um , = with lance-shaped leaves
lanuginosus, a, um , = woolly
lateritius, a, um , = brick-red
latifolius, a, um , = with broad leaves
leianthus, a, um , = with smooth flowers
leiocarpus, a, um , = with smooth fruits
lenticularis, e , = lenticular
leptocarpus, a, um , = with slender fruit
leptocladus, a, um , = with slender shoots
leptophyllus, a, um , = with slender leaves
leptorhiza , = with slender roots
leptostachyus, a, um , = with slender spikes
leucanthus, a, um , = with white flowers
leucocaulis, e , = with white stems
leucolepis , = with white scales
ligulosus, a, um , = liguled
lilacinus, a, um , = lilac
limbatus, a, um , = bordered
linearifolius, a, um , = with narrow leaves
linearis, e , = linear
lingulatus, a, um , = shaped like a tongue
littoralis, e , = from the sea-shore
lobatus, a, um , = lobed
longestylus, a, um , = long-styled
longiflorus, a, um , = with long flowers
longifolius, a, um , = with long leaves
lucidus, a, um , = shining
luteolus, a, um , = yellowish
lutescens , = yellowish
luteus, a, um , = yellow
lyratus, a, um , = lyrate
machrostachyus, a, um , = with long spikes
macranthus, a, um , = with large flowers
macrocarpus, a, um , = with large fruit
macrophyllus, a, um , = with large leaves
macrosiphon , = with a large tube
macrostoma , = with a large mouth
macrostylus, a, um , = with a large style
maculatus, a, um , = spotted
maculosus, a, um , = spotted
magnificus, a, um , = magnificent
major, us , = great
margaritaceus, a, um , = pearly
marginatus, a, um , = margined
maritimus, a, um , = found growing on the coast
marmoratus, a, um , = mottled
matronalis, e , = belonging to a married woman
maximus, a, um , = largest
medius, a, um , = intermediate
melananthus, a, um , = with black flowers
melancholicus, a, um , = drooping
melanospermus, a, um , = with dark-coloured seeds
melliferus, a, um , = bearing honey
meridionalis, e , = found towards the South
micranthus, a, um , = with small flowers
microcarpus, a, um , = with small fruit
micropetalus, a, um , = with small petals
miniatus, a, um , = cinnabar-red
minimus, a, um , = smallest
minor, us , = small
minutus, a, um , = minute
mirabilis, e , = wonderful
mollis, e , = soft
mollissimus, a, um , = very soft
monandrus, a, um , = with one perfect stamen
monstrosus, a, um , = monstrous
montanus, a, um , = found in mountainous places
moschatus, a um , = musk-scented
motorium , = moving
mucronatus, a, um , = ending in a short, sharp point
multibracteatus, a, um , = with many bracts
multicaulis, e , = with many stems
multicolor , = of many colours
multifidus, a, um , = divided many times
multiflorus, a, um , = with many flowers
multipunctatus, a, um , = marked with numerous dots
multisiliquosus, a, um , = with many siliquas
multiradiatus, a, um , = with numerous rays
muralis, e , = found growing on walls
muricatus, a, um , = covered wiith short, hard points
muscipulus, a, um , = fly-catching
mutabilis, e , = variable
muticus, a, um , = blunt
nanus, a, um , = dwarf
nasutus, a, um , = big-nosed
nebulosus, a, um , = nebulous
nervosus, a, um , = nerved
niger, ra rum , = black
nigrescens , = becoming black
nitidus, a, um , = shining
nivalis, e , = found growing in or near snow
niveus, a, um , = snow-white
noctiflorus, a, um , = flowering at night
nocturnalis, e , = night-flowering
nodiflorus, a, um , = with flowers borne at the nodes
nudicaulis, e , = with leafless stems
nudiflorus, a, um , = with bare flowers
nutans , = nodding
obconicus, a, um , = inversely conical
oblongatus, a, um , = oblong
obscurus, a, um , = obscure
occidentalis, e , = western
ochroleucus, a, um , = yellowish-white
oculatus, a, um , = with an eye
odoratus, a, um , = fragrant
odoriferus, a, um , = fragrant
officinalis, e , = used medicinally
officinarum , = of the apothecaries
oleraceus, a, um , = eaten as a vegetable
ophiocarpus, a, um , = snake-fruited
oppositifolius, a, um , = with opposite leaves
orbicularis, e , = round
orientalis, e , = eastern
ornatus, a, um , = adorned
ovalifolius, a, um , = with oval leaves
ovatus, a, um , = ovate
oviferus, a, um , = egg-bearing
pallidus, a, um , = pale
palmatus, a, um , = lobed like a hand
palustris, e , = found growing in swampy places
paniculatus, a, um , = paniculate
papilionaceus, a, um , = like a butterfly
paradoxus, a, um , = strange
parviflorus, a, um , = with small flowers
patens , = spreading
patulus, a, um , = spreading
pauciflorus, a, um , = few-flowered
pavoninus, a, um , = like a peacock
pectinatus, a, um , = comb-like
pedatus, a, um , = palmately divided, with the lateral divisions two-cleft
peduncularis, e , = stalked
pedunculatus, a, um , = stalked
peltatus, a, um , = target-shaped
peltophorus, a, um , = shield-bearing
penduliferus, a, um , = pendulous
penduliflorus, a, um , = with pendulous flowers
pendulus, a, um , = pendulous
pennatus, a, um , = incised in a pinnate manner
pentagonus, a, um , = five-angled
pentapetaloides , = like five petals
pentaphyllus, a, um , = five-leaved
peregrinus, a, um , = exotic
perennans , = perennial
perennis, e , = perennial
perfectus, a, um , = complete
perfoliatus, a, um , = with the leaf surrounding the stem
petiolaris, e , = with stalked leaves
petiolatus, a, um , = petioled
petraeus, a, um , = growing among rocks
phoeniceus, a, um , = red-purple
pictus, a, um , = painted
pilosus, a, um , = soft-hairy
pinnatifidus, a, um , = pinnately cut
pinnatus, a, um , = with leaflets arraanged on each side of a common petiole
plantagineus, a, um , = resembling plantain
platycentrus, a, um , = with a broad spur
platyglossus, a, um , = with a broad tongue
platypetalus, a, um , = with broad petals
platyphyllus, a, um , = with broad leaves
platytaenius, a, um , = borad-banded
plenissimus, a, um , = fully double
plicatus, a, um , = folded
plumosus, a, um , = feathery
pluvialis, e , = produced by rain
pogonanthus, a, um , = with flowers bearing long hairs
politus, a, um , = polished or refined
polyanthus, a, um , = with many flowers
polycephalus, a, um , = with many heads
polygamus, a, um , = with both perfect and imperfect flowers
polylepis , = with many scales
pomeridianus, a, um , = of the afternoon
praecox, ocis , = early flowering
primulinus, a, um , = like a primrose
prismaticus, a, um , = prism-shaped
proboscideus, a, um , = like a proboscis
procerus, a, um , = tall
procumbens , = lying along the ground
profusus, a, um , = profuse
proliferus, a, um , = proliferous
propinquus, a, um , = related to
prostratus, a, um , = prostrate
psittacinus, a, um , = of the parrot
puberulus, a, um , = covered with somewhat downy hairs
pubescens , = covered with downy hairs
pudicus, a, um , = retiring
pulchellus, a, um , = beautiful
pulcherrimus, a, um , = very beautiful
pulcher, chra, chrum , = beautiful
pulverulentus, a, um , = dusty
pumilus, a, um , = dwarf
punctatus, a, um , = marked with dots
pungens , = sharp-pointed, pricking
puniceus, a, um , = reddish-purple
purpurascens , = becoming purple
purpuratus, a, um , = purple
purpureus, a, um , = purple
pusillus, a, um , = insignificant
pycnocephalus, a, um , = with heads arranged in dense clusters
pygmaeus, a, um , = dwarf
pyramidalis, e , = pyramidal
pyramidatus, a, um , = in the form of a pyramid
pyropaeus, a, um , = fire-coloured
quadrivalvis , = with four valves
quadrivulnerus, a, um , = four-cut
quinqueflorus, a, um , = with five flowers
quinquefolius, a, um , = with five leaves
racemosus, a, um , = with flowers borne in racemes
radiatus, a, um , = radiate
ramosissimus, a, um , = much branched
ramosus, a, um , = branched
refractus, a, um , = broken
regius, a, um , = kingly
repandus, a, um , = with a wavy margin
reticulatus,m a, um , = covered with a network of veins
retroflexus, a, um , = reflexed
retrofractus, a, um , = bent backwards
retusus, a, um , = notched slightly at the apex
rhombifolius, a, um , = with equilateral, oblique-angled leaves
rhombipetalus, a, um , = with equilateral, oblique-angled petals
rhomboideus, a, um , = shaped like a rhomboid
rigidulus, a, um , = somewhat rigid
ringens , = open-mouthed
rivularis, e , = found growing beside brooks
robustus, a, um , = robust
rosella , = with the leaves in a small rosette
roseus, a, um , = rose-coloured
rotatus, a, um , = wheel-shaped
rotundatus, a, um , = rounded
rotundifolius, a, um , = with round leaves
rubens , = red
ruber, ra, rum , = red
rubicundus, a, um , = red
rubiginosus, a, um , = rusty-red
rubricalyx , = with a red calyx
rudis, e , = wild
rugosus, a, um , = wrinkled
rupicola , = found growing on rocks or cliffs
rusticus, a, um , = from the country
sacrorum , = sacred
sagitatus, a, um , = arrow-shaped
sanctus, a, um , = holy
sanguineus, a, um , = blood-red
sativus, a, um , = cultivated
saxatilis, e , = found growing among rocks
scaber, ra, rum , = rough
scabridus, a, um , = somewhat rough
scandens , = climbing
scapigerus, a, um , = scape-bearing
scoparius, a, um , = like a twig broom
scutellatus, a, um , = shaped like a small platter
segetalis, e , = from corn fields
segetum , = from corn fields
semiplenus, a, um , = with semi-double flowers
semperflorens , = ever-flowering
sempervirens , = evergreen
septentrionalis, e , = from the North
setifolius, a, um , = with leaves covered with bristles
serotinus, a, um , = produced late in the season
serpentinus, a, um , = serpentine
serratus, a, um , = saw-toothed
serrulatus, a, um , = somewhat saw-toothed
setigerus, a, um , = bearing bristles
setosus, a, um , = bristly
signatus, a, um , = marked
simplex , = unbranched
simplicifolius, a, um , = with simple leaves
sinuatus, a, um , = with a wavy margin
skirrobasis , = hard-based
somniferus, a, um , = sleep-bringing
sparteus, a, um , = pertaining to broom
spatiosus, a, um , = large
speciossimus, a, um , = very showy
speciosus, a, um , = showy
spectabilis, e , = spectacular
speculum , = a mirror
spicatus, a, um , = bearing spikes
spinosus, a, um , = spiny
splendens , = splendid
spurius, a, um , = false
squamigerus, a, um , = scale-bearing
squarrosus, a, um , = rough or scurfy, with spreading processes
stellaris, e , = star-like
stellatus, a, um , = with spreading, star-like rays
stenanthus, a, um , = with narrow flowers
sterilis, e , = sterile
stipularis, e , = furnished with stipules
striatus, a, um , = striped or fluted
strictus, a, um , = erect
strigosus, a, um , = covered with rough hairs
strigulosus, a, um , = somewhat strigose
strumosus, a, um , = scrofulous
stylosus, a, um , = with prominent styles
suaveolens , = sweet-scented
subaxillaris, e , = below the axil
subcarnosus, a, um , = rather fleshy
suberectus, a, um , = somewhat erect
subnudus, a, um , = nearly nude
subumbellatus, a, um , = somewhat umbellate
succulentus, a, um , = fleshy
suffruticosus, a, um , = somewhat shrubby
sulphureus, a, um , = sulphur-yellow
superbissimus, a, um , = most superb
superbus, a, um , = superb
supinus, a, um , = lying on its back
sylvaticus, a, um , = found growing in woods
sylvestris, e , = found wild
tenellus, a, um , = delicate, tender
tenuiflorus, a, um , = with slender flowers
tenuiflolius, a, um , = with slender leaves
tenuilobus, a, um , = with slender lobes
tenuior , = more slender
tereticaulis, e , = with the stem cylindrical, or nearly so
ternatus, a, um , = set in threes
tetrapterus, a, um , = four-winged
thermalis, e , = found growing by warm springs
thyrsiflorus, a, um , = with flowers arranged in a thyrse
thyrsoideus, a, um , = thyrse-like
tigrinus, a, um , = striped like a tiger
tinctorius, a, um , = used in dyeing
tomentosus, a, um , = covered with fine, matted hairs
tonsus, a, um , = cropped
torulosus, a, um , = somewhat cylindrical, with contractions or swellings at intervals along the length
trachyspermus, a, um , = with rough seeds
triangularis, e , = with three angles
trichocalyx , = with a hairy calyx
trichophyllus, a, um , = with leaves divided into hair-like segments
trichospermus, a, um , = with hairy seeds
tricolor , = in three colours
trifidus, a, um , = three-cleft
trilobatus, a, um , = three-lobed
trimaculatus, a, um , = three-spotted
trimestris, e , = of three months
triornithophorum , = bearing three birds
tripartitus, a, um , = three-parted
triphyllus, a, um , = with three leaves
tripinnatus, a, um , = three-pinnate
tripteris , = three-winged
triquetrus, a, um , = having three acute angles
tristachyus, a, um , = three-spiked
tristis, e , = dull
truncatus, a, um , = cut off square at the end
tuberosus, a, um , = tuberous
tubulosus, a, um , = with tubes, approaching a hollow cylinder
umbellatus, a, um , = with umbels
umbrosus, a, um , = found growing in shady places
undulatus, a, um , = wavy
unguiculatus, a, um , = furnished with a claw
uniserialis, e , = arranged in one row
urens , = stinging
usitatissimus, a, um , = most ordinary
utriculosus, a, um , = bladder-like
variabilis, e , = variable
variegatus, a, um , = variegated
varius, a, um , = diverse
venustus, a, um , = charming
vernalis, e , = flowering in spring
vernus, a, um , = flowering in spring
verrucosus, a, um , = covered with warts
versicolor , = changing color
verticillatus, a, um , = whorled
vesicarius, a, um , = bladder-like
villosus, a, um , = covered with soft hairs
vimineus, a, um , = bearing long flexible branches
vinosus, a, um , = wine-coloured
violaceus, a, um , = violet
violescens , = becoming violet
virens , = green
virgatus, a, um , = with long, straight shoots
viridescens , = becoming green
viscidi-hirtus, a, um , = sticky-hairy
viscidus, a, um , = sticky
viscosissimus, a, um , = very sticky
viscosus, a, um , = sticky
volcanicus, a, um , = found growing on laval rocks
vulgaris, e , = common
Zzebrinus, a, um , = zebra-striped





































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